Research Topics - ESE
Table of contents :
While the introduction of electronic components in critical embedded systems (aerospace, automotive ...) contributes to improve their performance, it also involves a set of strong constraints regarding the reliability of these components and their robustness to stresses from the environment (temperature, electromagnetic interference, electrostatic discharge (ESD), fast transients ...).
Mastering these constraints, defined by industry standards and guidance, is an important economic issue for circuit designers of critical systems, because of the cost and time of compliance that results. It is based on modeling of failure modes and a fine prediction of risk at different levels of system design.
The main issues of the ESE research team are:
- Analysis of the failure modes of a system or an electronic circuit in a harsh and aggressive environments (high temperature, electrostatic discharge, electromagnetic interference, accelerated aging)
- Sensitivity characterization systems for severe environments, supported by several dedicated hardware platforms (platform for characterizing the electromagnetic compatibility (CEM) , ESD, thermal)
- Modeling (multi-physics, multi-scale and multi-level) for the prediction of failures related to extreme environment or accidental stress
- Design of robust devices and systems considering aggressions (ESD, EMI) and environment (including thermal)
Our team works on these topics, particularly in the area of land and air transport applications.
Contact: Marise Bafleur
Chaimae Ghfiri, PhD student of ESE Team (advisors Sonia Ben Dhia and Alexandre Boyer) and IRT St Exupery, has been awarded the Best Paper Award (among 400 papers) after the Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility 2016, in May 2016 in Shenzhen (China). The title of her contribution was "Construction of an Integrated Circuit Emission Model of a FPGA". Full text is available here.
Alexandre Boyer and Etienne Sicard are organizing a tutorial on EMC of integrated circuits, from the 22nd to the 26th of September 2015, in Toulouse. This tutorial is dedicated to PhD students, researchers, and specialists interested in that topic. The tutorial is certified by the european program for doctoral studies Eurodots. For more details : http://intranet-gei.insa-toulouse.fr/~sicard/eurodots.html
Sonia Ben Dhia, Alexandre Boyer, He Huang and Veljko Tomasevic will participate to the Asia-Pacific International Symposium on EMC (APEMC 2015), from the 26th to the 29th of May 2015 in Taïwan. Sonia Ben Dhia, who is part of the TPC, will organize a special session entitled Near Field Scan for EMC Purpose. The team will give three oral papers. http://www.apemc2015.org/
Marise Bafleur is chairman of ESREF 2015 organized in Toulouse from the 5th to the 9th of October 2015. It is the "26th European Symposium on Reliability of Electron Devices, Failure Physics and Analysis".
Alexandre Boyer has participated to the workshop in the field of electronic robustness, on the 15th of October 2014. His talk was entitled Modèles prédictifs pour assurer la compatibilité électromagnétique à long terme des systèmes électroniques embarqués.
For wireless applications, the systems must be autonomous in energy. Moreover, electrochemical storage is often precluded due to environmental, economical or managment (battery replacement) constraints, not to mention safety issues.
It is then necessary to rely upon environmental energy harvesting and storage.
Main steps for devising and building such a systems are as follows:
- Analysis and modelisation of the energy context (system consumption vs. available environmental energies)
- Choice of an energy harvesting method, and more precisely, considering our activities:
• Thermal electrical generation
• Acoustical and aeraoacoustical energy conversion
• Photovoltaic-based applications
- Building up of a robust energy management system, possibly accomodating more than one source, exhibiting both a high efficiency and a low energy self-consumption
Our work is specifically oriented towards aeronautic applications.
Contact: Jean-Marie Dilhac
December 2016: Jean-Marie Dilhac and Vincent Boitier have authored a book "Energy Autonomy of Batteryless and Wireless Embedded Systems - Aeronautical Applications" edited by ISTE Press and Elsevier. In this book, after presenting the issues associated with wireless sensor networks, they detail the results obtained by ESE team within the CORALIE projets , together with those of flight tests with Airbus A321 mentioned below in this page.
Within the frame of CORALIE project (Investissements d'Avenir), an energy harvesting system based on thermogeneration, for the powering of a sensor network, has been integrated into Airbus A380 MSN01 in May 2016. It will be fully tested during a flight test campaign next July. The above picture shows the thermogenerator and exchangers (LAAS), the energy management module (LAAS) and data logger (from Airbus Group Innovation and ASTUS) before integration.
Jean-Marie Dilhac has presented last results in the area of aeroacoustic noise harvesting during the conference PowerMEMS2014 in Japan (19th-21st of November 2014) http://powermems2014.org/index.html. The video available on YouTube has been utilized for this event https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kkq-5g9D_g
In July 2014, Airbus department for in-flight tests has deployed with success on an Airbus A321 a photovoltaic system designed at LAAS-CNRS, in order to power outside sensors.
Below, a picture of the apparatus once bonded, while the A321 is on parking.
Below, a view of the system while in flight.
LAAS-CNRS, IMFT (INP) and ONERA (the French Aerospace Lab) have obtained a grant in May 2014 for collaborating in the area of aeroacoustic energy conversion for powering systems deployed on aircrafts. A video demonstrating the feasability of the method can be watched on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kkq-5g9D_g