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Christian Bergaud

Christian received the engineer degree in physics from the National Institute of Applied Sciences, Lyon, France, in 1991 and the Ph.D. degree in electronics from the National Institute of Applied Sciences, Toulouse, France, in 1994. Between 1995 and 1996, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow with the University of Tokyo where he studied the development of microsystems dedicated to nanocharacterization. From January 1997 to March 2004, he was a National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS) researcher with the Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems (LAAS), Toulouse. From April 2004 to March 2006, he was Director of the Laboratory for Integrated MicroMechatronics Systems (LIMMS), a joint laboratory of the French CNRS and the University of Tokyo. He is curres to design micro- and nanosystems for biological applications and soft robotics. He launched a few years ago research activities on soft neural probes for chronic applications and artificial muscles.ntly senior researcher with the LAAS, his research involves the development of novel approache

Bernard Legrand

Bernard graduated in analog and digital microelectronics from the engineering college ISEN-Lille in 1996, and simultaneously received his MSc degree in physics of electron and microwave devices. He was awarded his PhD on September 29th 2000 from the University of Lille for his work on the fabrication and characterization of semiconducting nanostructures. He was appointed in 2001 to a permanent CNRS research staff position in the Nano and Microsystems group (NAM6) at IEMN, Lille. He defended his habilitation thesis in 2012, and he moved to Toulouse in 2013 where he joined the MEMS group at LAAS. His research interests are currently focused on electromechanical transduction for M/NEMS including optomechanics, M/NEMS resonators for high-speed AFM instruments, and M/NEMS devices for ultra-low power computing. Bernard is a co-author of 5 patents and 130+ communications in peer-reviewed international journals and conferences.

Vincent Mansard

Vincent is a researcher in physics of materials. He is specialized in soft matter, rheology and microfluidics. He received, in 2009, a Master's degree in fundamental physics from Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS Lyon), France. In 2012, he obtained a Ph.D. degree in physical chemistry from the Laboratory of Future, Bordeaux, France.  He was a Postdoctoral Fellow with Pr. T.M. Squires in the University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB). He was recruited as a permanent scientist in November 2016 by the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS).  He is currently working in the Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems (LAAS), Toulouse. His work mostly focuses on the development of a new types of artificial muscles called Osmotic Muscles and using swelling gels.

Ali Maziz

Ali received his PhD at University of Cergy-Pontoise (Paris, France) in 2014, where he worked on conducting polymer microactuators for microrobotics. The research was conducted jointly with LPPI (Laboratory of Physico-Chemistry of Polymers and Interfaces, Paris) and IEMN (Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, Lille). During his PhD. studies, he received several grants from Intelligent Materials and Systems Laboratory (Tartu, Estonia) as a visiting scientist, where he worked on new hybrid materials and polymer electrolytes for artificial muscles. In 2014, he was appointed a Carl tryggers postdoctoral fellowship at the Biosensors and Bioelectronics Centre at Linköping University (Sweden), where he worked in the area of electroactive polymers, including the development of artificial textile muscles, micromechanical stimulation chips of in vitro mechanotransduction in the urinary tract, and new processes for the development of complex microrobots based on conjugated polymers. In 2016, he joined the MEMS group at LAAS-CNRS (Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems, Toulouse, France). His current research involves the development of novel approaches to design micro- and nanosystems technology for biological applications, neural implants for chronic applications and artificial muscles.

Liviu Nicu

Liviu Nicu was born in 1973 in Bucharest. After completing his master of electrical engineering at the Paul Sabatier University of Toulouse (France) in 1997, he joined the Integrated Microsystems Group at the LAAS (Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems) of Toulouse where he obtained his PhD in 2000 into the Micromechanical Structures field. From 2001 to 2003, he was R&D Engineer at Thales Avionics, Valence (France). His activities focused onto the development of micromechanical sensors for the civil and military navigation applications. In 2003 he got back to LAAS as a full time CNRS (National Center of Scientific Research) researcher where he currently works in two main research fields: the development of (1) new resonant bio(chemical)sensors using M(N)EMS technologies and of (2) investigation of innovative ways to actuate and sense the motion of M(N)EMS.

Daisuke Saya

Daisuke Saya grew up in Shin-Yurigaoka, Kawasaki. He studied at Precision Machinery Engineering, The University of Tokyo. He was a visiting student at Laboratoire de Physique et Métrologie des Oscillateurs LPMO (L’institut FEMTO-ST), Besançon. He was at Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo. Then, he joined to Laboratoire d’Analyse et d’Architecture des Systèmes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse. He was once at LIMMS-CNRS/IIS, The University of Tokyo. Now he is in the team Microsystèmes électromécaniques MEMS in LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse. His research is based on micro-nano mechanical resonators in both top-down and bottom-up.

Thierry Leïchlé

Thierry Leïchlé received his BS degree in engineering physics and his MS degree in microelectronics from the National Institute of Applied Sciences (Toulouse, France) in 1999. He then joined Prof. Mark Allen’s group at the Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, USA) to conduct research on resonant micromachined magnetic sensors and obtained an MS degree in electrical engineering from Georgia Tech in 2002. He returned to France to work toward a PhD degree and developed a MEMS-based patterning tool for the local functionalization of surfaces at the Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems (LAAS-CNRS). After graduating from the University of Toulouse in 2006, he joined the Nanobioscience group at the Academia Sinica (Taipei, Taiwan) for a post-doctoral stay where he studied biomolecular interactions in nanochannels. He joined CNRS as a research fellow at LAAS-CNRS in 2010 and he founded the MEMS team in 2016 that he led until 2019. He is now temporarily with the Georgia Tech-CNRS international research lab in Atlanta and works on MEMS and biosensors.

Venkata Suresh Reddy Vajrala

Suresh is working as a senior research engineer/scientist in the MEMS group. He received his PhD from University of Bordeaux in Biophysical chemistry/Bioengineering. Overall, he has about 10 years of research experience in biomedical devices development and bioanalysis, where he has extensively collaborated with researchers from a wide range of disciplines and environments, in academia and industry. His active research contribution lies in multiple scientific projects related to microfabrication (clean-room based), flexible bioelectronics, electrochemistry, composite materials, surface chemistry, optics, plasmonics and bioanalysis (cells, mitochondria, extracellular vesicles & proteins).
Since 2020 he has been in charge of implementing 2D/3D soft neural electrode design solutions, planning clean-room based process developments and executing experiments involving microfabrication, surface coatings, opto-electrochemical characterization and electrophysiological monitoring of neuronal cells.


José Elias Angulo Cervera

Elias is a Physicist that passed his bachelor and master studies in the National Autonomous University of Mexico, where he carried various studies over the modification and characterization of organic materials through high irradiation dose (while he was an Uber driver in his free time). Afterwards, he moved to France and joined Azzedine Bousseksou’s group for his PhD studies, conducting diverse research over smart functional molecular materials in collaboration with MEMS group in LAAS. After obtaining his PhD, Elias was recruited as Postdoctoral fellow in LAAS where he is currently studying the integration of micromachinable magnets onto MEMS-based energy harvesters in collaboration with NEEL institute in Grenoble and LPCNO in Toulouse.


Kamil Elkhoury

Kamil Elkhoury obtained his BSc from the University of Balamand (Lebanon) and his MSc from the University of Birmingham (UK), both in Chemical Engineering. He obtained his PhD in Biotechnology Engineering from the University of Lorraine (France), during which he completed two international research mobilities at Harvard University (USA) and the University of Aveiro (Portugal). His research was focused on the nanofunctionalization and biofabrication of natural hydrogels for various tissue engineering applications. His work was recognized with the 2021 Best Thesis Award and the European Label from the University of Lorraine. Currently, he is a Postdoctoral Fellow at LAAS-CNRS working on the European project ‘EMAPS-Cardio’ which aims to develop a new platform for growth and maturation of cardiac microtissues using electromechanically active materials.

Clément Cointe

Clément Cointe obtained in 2019 his MSc in electrical engineering and bio-medical engineering from École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay, France). During his Masters, he also obtained the French Agrégation in industrial engineering sciences with a specialization in electrical engineering. He joined LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse, France, in 2019 as a PhD student in MEMS team where he is currently working with Dr. Ali Maziz and Dr. Christian Bergaud. His work is focused on fabrication and characterization of ultrathin flexible neural probes made with silk fibroin.

Asma Eddarir

Asma Eddarir obtained her MSc degree in Chemistry and Physics in 2015 from the University of Paris Diderot and Paris Descartes. During her masters she completed her experience by doing a first internship for 4 months on the synthesis of quantum dots by top down process at the Korea Advanced Institute Science & Technology in South Korea. Then for 5 months she did a second internship at the ITODYS and MSC labs in Paris Diderot, working on the synthesis and functionalization of magnetic nanoparticles by the polyol process for biopolymers. Previously, she worked for two years on the design of 3D microsupercapacitors for the storage of energy in LAAS and is currently a PhD student in the MEMS team under the supervision of Pr. Christian Bergaud and Dr. Ali Maziz, working on the electrochemical detection of neural implants in organoid medium project.

Refik Barış Yılmaz

Refik obtained his BSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara/Turkey in 2017. He obtained his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering  from METU with the thesis “Development of core/shell structured composite nanofibers via coaxial electrospinning method” in 2019. He joined MEMS team as a PhD student in 2020 where he is currently working with Dr. Vincent Mansard on stimuli responsive polymeric hydrogels for development of soft actuator based MEMS. His research is focused on design, synthesis, characterization and fabrication of polymeric hydrogel based soft actuator systems for artificial muscle and smart tactile display applications.

Aleksandra Markovic

Aleksandra obtained her BSc in Electrical Engineering and Informational Technologies from Technical University of Vienna in 2016 where she did her thesis on SAW sensors for high temperature applications. She obtained her MSc in Microengineering from the EPFL in 2019. Within the scope of her Masters she spent 6 months in Sensirion Technologies AG working on particulate matter sensors and one year at Harvard University, where she did her thesis work on the development of a MEMS-based printhead for a novel micro-droplet-fabrication technology (now AcousicaBio Inc.), resulting in a patent. She joined MEMS team as a PhD student in 2021 where she is currently working with Bernard Legrand within an ANR project "ZerOuate". Her work is focused on FEM analysis, design, fabrication and characterization of ultra-low-power logic gates operating in adiabatic regime.

Elise Pierre

Elise Pierre completed a French-German double-degree and received an engineer degree in Mechanics from the National Institute of Applied Sciences, Lyon, France, in 2021 and a master degree in General mechanics from the Karlsruher Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany, in 2021. During her master, she specialized in Microsystems Technologies and Medical Engineering. She joined the MEMS team in 2020 to complete her master Thesis on the design of atraumatic self-bending cochlear implant electrode array based on swelling actuation of natural silk hydrogel. She continued working in MEMS-Team as a PhD student in April 2021. She is currently taking part in the European project ‘EMAPS-Cardio’ which aims to develop a new platform for growth and maturation of cardiac microtissues using electromechanically active materials.

Onkar Kulkarni

Onkar obtained his MSc in Aerospace Materials Design, Manufacturing and Innovation management (AeroMat) from École des Mines d’Albi- Carmaux, France in 2020 and has a bachelor's degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the Nagpur University of Maharashtra in India. During his internship at Aerospace Valley, Toulouse the aim was to collaborate and assign support as well as scientific decryption of R & D projects coming from different programs of the European Commission such as the Green Deal under the H2020 program which will propel and boost the ecosystem of green technologies and green societies in Europe but not just limited to Europe. Onkar joined CNRS in September 2021 as a Ph. D. student and works between two labs LCC and LAAS on the project titled "Microsystems for thermal energy harvesting based on a thermally induced phase transition".

Former group members:

  • Aarushee Rangra (PhD 2021)
    Thesis: Fabrication and characterization of flexible strain sensors based on assembly of 1D nanostructures with cross-linked gold nanoparticles
    Currently in X-FAB in Erfurt, Germany
  • Valentin Saunier (PhD 2021)
    Thesis: Implantable nanocomposite microelectrodes for neural recording and stimulation coupled with neurotransmitter electrochemical detection
    Currently doing a post-doc at CERCO, Inserm, Toulouse, France

  • Lucien Schwab (PhD 2020)
    Thesis: Sondes opto-méchaniques pour la microscopie AFM rapide
    Currently in VDL ETG in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • Kata Hadju (Post-doc)
    Currently doing a post-doc at IFREMER, Brest, France
  • Douglas Silva de Vasconcellos (PhD 2020)
    Thesis: "Monolithic Integration of Multiple Porous Silicon Membranes for Lab-on-a-chip Applications
    Curreny doing a post-doc at GREMAN, Tours, France

  • Cécile Fuinel (PhD 2018)
    Thesis: Etude des potentialités de la transduction diélectrique de haute permittivité pour les résonateurs NEMS et MEMS. Application aux capteurs gravimétriques
    Currently working as an engineer at H2Pulse in Toulouse, France
  • Jean Cacheux (PhD 2018)
    Thesis: Développement d'un système autonome de détection et de quanti-cation des microARNs avec une plateforme nano/uidique pour la prise en charge du cancer du pancréas
    Currently doing a post-doc in LIMMS, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Rémi Malbec (PhD 2018)
    Thesis: Système microfluidique µLAS pour l’analyse de l’ADN résiduel : Application au diagnostic de la maladie de Huntington et à l'analyse de l'ADN circulant dans le sang
    Now project leader at Gene Diffusion
  • Aziliz Lecomte (PhD 2016)
    Thesis: Conception and characterization of flexible microelectrodes for implantable neuroprosthetic development
    Currently doing a post-doc at LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse, France
  • Adrien Casanova (PhD 2016)
    Thesis: Développement de nano-systèmes à base de nanofils pour l'interfaçage neuronal
    Currently at Université Aix-Marseille, France
  • Yingning He (PhD 2016)
    Thesis: Lateral porous silicon membranes for planar microfluidic applications
    Currently doing a post-doc at Fudan University, China
  • Sabrina Habtoun (PhD 2016)
    Thesis: Caractérisation et intégration fonctionnelle de nanohélices inorganiques et métalliques : vers un nanosystème électromécanique
    Currently working as an engineer at DSI, Blagnac, France
  • Adhitya Bhaswara (PhD 2015)
    Thesis: Fabrication of suspended plate MEMS resonator by micro-masonry
    Currently working as an engineer at Dattabot, Indonesia
  • Aiva Simaite (PhD 2015)
    Thesis: Development of ionic electroactive actuators with improved interfacial adhesion: towards the fabrication of inkjet printable artificial muscles
    Currently working as a project manager in Innocore Pharmaceuticals, Groningen, The Netherlands
  • Denis Dezest (PhD 2015)
    Thesis: Nanosystèmes électromécaniques pour la biodétection : intégration d'un moyen de transduction et stratégies de biofonctionnalisation
    Currently working as an engineer at CEA, Grenoble, France
  • Pattamon Teerapanich (PhD 2015)
    Thesis: Fluorescence-based nanofluidic biosensor platform for real-time measurement of protein binding kinetics
    Currently working as an engineer at CEA-LETI, Grenoble, France
  • Valentina Castagnola (PhD 2014)
    Thesis: Implantable microelectrodes on soft substrate with nanostructured active surface for stimulation and recording of brain activities
    Currently working as a researcher in the Italian Institute of Technology, Genova, Italy